Monday, October 25, 2010

Haunted Columbus, Mississippi


The Google News Search feature is quite useful for web-based ghost hunting, especially around Halloween. Newspapers throughout the world are printing articles about local ghosts and ghost tours. I stumbled on an article about a ghost tour being held in Columbus, Mississippi and it put me on the path to a handful of articles. I’ve been able to connect those with a few entries in some books, and voila; I have the basis for a blog entry.

As I stated in one of the first entries, it appears to me that Mississippi has not been as well documented as other Southern states. I still believe this. Where my research might turn up mounds of information, I can usually only find a trickle for the Magnolia State. That’s why I’ve been surprised to find so much information on Columbus. Certainly, this city could be called the best documented city in Mississippi, at least in terms of its ghosts. Of course, it does help that three of the state’s better known hauntings: Waverly, Errolton and Temple Heights; are located in the city.

The banks of the Tombigbee River near Columbus,
Mississippi. Undated postcard courtesy of the Mississippi
State Archives, Cooper Postcard Collection.

“Sprawling leisurely along the banks of the Tombigbee and Luxapalila Rivers, is a city in which there is room to breathe.” That’s how the opening line of the city’s entry in the 1938 WPA Guide to Mississippi begins. It continues and describes the “gracious lines of Georgian porticos forming a belt of mellowed beauty about a modern business district.” Certainly, Columbus is a city known for its concentration of old homes, many of them antebellum. The city was later the birthplace of famed American playwright, Tennessee Williams, who would preserve and analyze the South in his plays; among them, A Cat on a Hot Tin Roof and A Streetcar Named Desire.

Columbus was originally named “Possum Town,” for Spirus Roach who was “gray and bent and wizened” and reminded the local Native Americans of a possum. Roach set up a tavern there in 1817. However, with the arrival of other white men who “expressed their distaste for Indian humor,” the town was given the more respectable name of Columbus in 1821. The city grew as a center for the many planters in the area as well as a center for education with the establishment of Franklin Academy and later, the Columbus Female Institute (now Mississippi University for Women). During the Civil War, the city hosted the state government while Jackson was in Union hands. A story told of the 1863 visit of Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, describes the townspeople gathering under Davis’ bedroom window and serenading him. After being awakened by the joyous throng, Davis addressed the crowd, still in his nightshirt, from his balcony. History aside, though, we came about the ghosts…

The following list has been created not just from articles on the ghost tour, but other resources as well.

Friendship Cemetery
Fourth Street South

Created on land by the Order of the Odd Fellows in 1849, Friendship Cemetery includes local citizens and soldiers who fell at the Civil War Battle of Shiloh in 1862. It is a Confederate soldier that is said to still walk through the military section of the cemetery. Visitors to the cemetery are also attracted to the weeping angel that stands over the grave of the Reverend Thomas Teasdale. People grasping the angel’s hand have remarked that it feels lifelike. While the angel’s hand might be explainable phenomena, the soldier’s apparition may not be as easily explained away. I would be interested to find out if the cemetery has been investigated by a ghost hunting organization.

Lincoln Home
714 Third Avenue South

Built in 1833, the Lincoln Home was home to one of the first mayors of the city. Now a bed and breakfast, the home has been marvelously restored and may still be visited by former residents. A woman in white has been reported by neighbors and guests while a dark, black and grey cloud has been witnessed by the owners drifting though the parlor.

Waverly
1852 Waverly Mansion Road

 
Waverly in 1936, this is probably as the house probably
first appeared to the Snows. This was taken nearly 30 years
before the house was rescued. Photo by James Butters for
the Historic American Building Survey (HABS), courtesy of the
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

Located between Columbus and West Point in Clay County, Waverly was named a National Historic Landmark in 1974. This graceful house features an octagonal rotunda that rises above the roof of the house. When Robert and Donna Snow discovered the house in the early 1960s, it was an immense, magnificent mess, uninhabited for nearly 50 years that had been left to its ghosts. Though ghosts were not at all on their mind when they began restoration, the spirits of Waverly announced their presence with a loud crash that awoke the family. Locals began to tell stories of hearing the sound of parties coming from the ruined manse as well as the spirit of an Indian riding a stallion through the nearby fields. But no one prepared Mrs. Snow for the plaintive cries of a little girl that she began hearing. Occasionally, between two and four in the afternoon, the impression of a little girl would appear on the bed of one of the upstairs bedrooms.


Waverly after restoration. Photo for the Historic American Building
Survey (HABS), courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and
Photographs Division.

The voice of the little girl was heard for about five years and then no more, but her spirit is still seen around the house. According to Alan Brown’s Haunted Places in the American South, the identity of this little girl was a mystery until 1997 when records revealed that two little girls staying in the house during the Civil War died during a single, tragic week. One girl died of diphtheria, the other, while playing on the stairs, got her head stuck between two of the spindles. During the struggle to free herself, she died as well.

The magnificent rotunda
of Waverly. Photo for the
Historic American Building Survey
(HABS), courtesy of the Library
of Congress, Prints and
Photographs Division.
Since her death in 1991, the ghost of Mrs. Snow has been reported sitting on the third floor stairs smoking. Apparently, the ghosts of Waverly are still quite active. The North Mississippi After Life (NMAL), a paranormal investigation group, performed an investigation at the house, though only a small amount of evidence was uncovered.

Princess Theatre
217 Fifth Street South

The 1924 Princess Theater was constructed originally as a vaudeville theater, then converted to cinema as the popularity of vaudeville waned. According to Adelle Elliott, with the Columbus Convention and Visitor’s Bureau, the ghost of the theater’s original owner, Mr. Kirkendall, has been seen throughout the theater. A paranormal team photographed a figure standing in the balcony, possibly one of many ghosts within the theater. The theater is still utilized as a performance space.

Errolton
216 Third Avenue South

For more than half a century, the familiar figure of Miss Nellie Weaver rocked on the porch of her father’s home telling stories of Columbus’ past that she had witnessed herself. Until her death in the 1930s, the story of Miss Nellie, as she was affectionately called, was well known in town. Born and raised in the magnificent house on Third Avenue, she had had numerous suitors, but Charles Tucker caught her eye and they were married 1878. In her nuptial mirth, Miss Nellie carved her name with her diamond engagement ring on one of the windows in the south parlor. Charles Tucker left his wife and young daughter, Ellen, a few years later.

Errolton, around the time of Miss Nellie's death.
Photo by James Butters for the Historic American Building
Survey (HABS), courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and
Photographs Division.

Miss Nellie and her daughter remained in the home and she supported herself by teaching, though the house slowly decayed. In 1950, the house was purchased by Mrs. Erroldine Hay Bateman who set about restoring the home. It was during this restoration that a careless worker broke the pane of glass bearing Miss Nellie’s signature. The glass was replaced and after the restoration, the residents were surprised to notice the atching had reappeared. Besides this reappearing signature, no other spiritual activity has been reported in this regal, “Columbus eclectic” styled home.

Temple Heights
515 Ninth Street North

Built in the style of a Doric Temple with an odd (at least to me) roof rising above it, Temple Heights is one of the more well known restoration jobs in the city. Dennis William Hauck states that the ghost in this circa 1837 home is that of Miss Elizabeth Kennebrew whose father purchased the house in 1887. Miss Kennebrew died a spinster and was known for her eccentric behavior. Her ghost has been spotted throughout the house and she may also be responsible for the voices heard throughout. The house is open for visitors and events.



Temple Heights, 1936. Photo by James Butters for the Historic American Building Survey (HABS), courtesy of the
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

Wisteria Place
524 Eight Street North

Upon the death of William Cannon, who built Wisteria Place around 1854, Jefferson Davis remarked, “I have lost my best friend.” While Cannon did die in this house, the identity of the home’s resident spirit is unknown. According to the Beth Scott and Michael Norman’s Haunted America, a figure in a white shirt has been seen scurrying past the kitchen window towards the door. This house is a private residence.

Calloway Hall
Mississippi University for Women
110 College Street

For information on Calloway Hall, please see my entry of 27 September, Haunted College and University Buildings of the South.

Highland House
810 Highland Circle

Highland House. Undated postcard courtesy of the
Mississippi State Archives, Cooper Postcard Collection.

According to the Convention and Visitor’s Bureau Historic Driving Tour pamphlet, this house was built by W. S. Lindamood in the “Robber Baron style” around 1902. This was in love with Lindamood. Garthia Elena Burnett, author of one of the articles highlighting the city’s ghost tour states that some interesting EVPs have been captured in this historic residence.

Lee House
316 Seventh Street North

Once the home of General Stephen D. Lee, the youngest Confederate lieutenant general during the Civil War, this house was built circa 1847. Lee was later involved with the creation of Vicksburg Military Park. His ghost has been seen sitting in the parlor of his former home, while the shade of his wife has been seen during the annual pilgrimage tours. Her form was so solid, she was mistaken for a costumed guide.



Lee House, 1936. Photo by James Butters for the Historic American Building Survey (HABS), courtesy
of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs
Division.

I believe that this list if really just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to Columbus ghosts. Two homes, due to lack of information, were left off this list, Hickory Sticks and Arbor House. As I continue to pursue Southern ghosts, I will be on the lookout for information on these hauntings and others in this city.

Sources
-----. Lincoln Home circa 1833. AmziLoveLincolnHomes.com.
     2010. Accessed 24 October 2010.
Breland, David. “Local Haunts: Columbus Ghost and Legends
     Tour offers look into town’s spooky past.” The Reflector. 21
     October 2010.
Breland, David. “Visit to Columbus haunts makes for Halloween
     not easily forgotten.” The Reflector. 29 October 2007.
Brown, Alan. Haunted Places in the American South. Jackson,
     MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2002.
Burnett, Garthia Elena. “Ghosts and Legends: A tour of local
     haunts.” The Commercial Dispatch. 14 October 2010.
Columbus Mississippi Convention and Visitor’s Bureau. Historic
     Driving Tour, Columbus, Mississippi. July, 2008.
Federal Writer’s Project of the WPA. Mississippi: A Guide to the
     Magnolia State. NYC: Viking, 1938.
Hauck, Dennis William. Haunted Places: The National Directory.
     NYC: Penguin, 2002.
Hubbard, Sylvia Booth. Ghosts! Personal Accounts of Modern
     Mississippi Hauntings. Brandon, MS: Quail Ridge Press, 1992.
Lowndes County, Mississippi History and Genealogy. Friendship
     Cemetery. Accessed 24 October 2010.
North Mississippi After Life. Waverly Mansion. Accessed 24
     October 2010.
Scott, Beth and Michael Norman. Haunted America. NYC: TOR,
     1994.
Stephen D. Lee. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed 25
     October 2010.
Taylor, Troy. “Haunted Mississippi, Errolton, Columbus,
     Mississippi.” Ghosts of the Prairie. 1998. Accessed 22 October
     2010.
Taylor, Troy. “Haunted Mississippi, Temple Heights, Columbus,
     Mississippi.” Ghosts of the Prairie. 1998. Accessed 22 October
     2010.
Taylor, Troy. “Haunted Mississippi, Waverly, Columbus,
     Mississippi.” Ghosts of the Prairie. 1998. Accessed 22 October
     2010.
Windham, Kathryn Tucker. 13 Mississippi Ghosts and Jeffrey.
     Tuscaloosa, AL: U. of Alabama Press, 1974.

Friday, October 22, 2010

Brice House (Photographs)

42 East Street
Annapolis, Maryland

The Brice House is one of three large, brick, and quite similarly designed, Georgian houses in Annapolis (the others being the William Paca and the Hammond-Harwood Houses). According to various sources, all three are haunted, but the best information I have found so far, attests to the haunting of the Brice House. The house was erected between 1766 and 1773 by Colonel James Brice who would later serve two-terms as mayor of Annapolis and acting governor for the state of Maryland in 1792. The house remained in the family until the 1870s and passed through other private hands until the 1920s when St. John's College purchased it. Restoration began in the 1950s under private ownership. The house is now owned by the International Masonry Institute which uses the flanking pavilions. The main house is occasionally open for tours. The house was named a National Historic Landmark in 1970.

Recent view of the Brice House taken in 2009. The house
is made up of five parts, the large main house, two
pavilions with "hyphens" that connect the pavilions
to the main house. Photo by Wikipedia user, Pubdog.
Courtesy of Wikipedia.

First floor reception hall and staircase. Two of the spirits seen
in this house have been indentified as one of the sons of Col.
Brice and his manservant. The elderly son is said to have been
murdered by the manservant. Photo taken for the Historic American
Buildings Survey (HABS). Courtesy of the Library of Congress,
Prints and Photographs Division.

Dining Room. The spirit of James Brice is said to be wandering
this house, possibly checking up on the upkeep of his manse.
Photo taken for the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS). Courtesy
of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

Ballroom. The spirit of a young woman has been seen frequently
in the house wandering from room to room. During restoration work
in the 1970s, a skeleton of a woman was discovered in a sealed, closet-like room.
Photo taken for the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS). Courtesy of the
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

The ballroom from a different angle. Photo taken for the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS). Courtesy of the Library of Congress,
Prints and Photographs Division.
 Sources
Brice House (Annapolis, Maryland). Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed
     22 October 2010.
Heintzelman, Patricia. National Register of Historic Places Nomination form for the
     Brice House. Listed 15 April 1970.
Jarvis, Sharon. Dead Zones. NYC: Warner Book, 1992.

Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Haunted South Carolina Lighthouses

In the study of ghosts, particularly in North America, lighthouses appear frequently. I’m not sure about why these beacons for the living play such a role in the world of the dead, but they appear with noticeable regularity. In the United States, the bulk of the attention on haunted lighthouses concern those of the mid-Atlantic and New England states as well as Michigan’s Great Lakes lighthouses, though, there are some quite prominent haunted Southern lighthouses. Among them, the St. Augustine and Pensacola lighthouses in Florida, both of which have been investigated by TAPS, the ghost hunting organization featured on the TV show, Ghost Hunters. In fact, the investigation of the St. Augustine Lighthouse featured the ghost hunters chasing something up and down the stairs of the lighthouse itself.

This is part I of a series that will highlight the haunted lighthouses of the South, both the well-known and the little known.

Hilton Head Rear Range Light
Arthur Hill Golf Course, Palmetto Dunes Resort
Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

The most southern of all of South Carolina’s lighthouses, the Hilton Head Rear Range Light is the only remaining of two lights that guided shipping in Port Royal Sound. With the front light, which was mounted on the roof of a lighthouse keeper’s cottage a mile away, these lights could be lined up by the navigators of ships to provide the safest route into port.

This light is also the only cast-iron lighthouse remaining in the state. It was constructed between 1879 and 1880 and lit for the first time in 1880. The light consists of a cast-iron skeleton and the stair tower (originally clad in wood, but clad in iron sheeting probably around 1913) topped by a wooden watch room and lantern room. The cast-iron skeleton bolts the structure in place to a  series of concrete bases. The complex also included a keeper’s cottage, but it was moved to Harbour Town in the Sea Pines Plantation resort complex in the 1980s. The light itself was decommissioned in 1932 and the lighthouse was restored with the building of the Palmetto Dunes Resort.

Some 18 years after it was first lit, during the height of a tremendous hurricane, Adam Fripp, the lighthouse keeper and his daughter, Caroline, stayed in the lantern room tending the light. A gale shattered the glass in the lamp extinguishing it. At the same moment, Mr. Fripp keeled over with a massive heart attack. At her father’s urging, 20 year old Caroline continued tending the light and did so without her beloved father following his death. Exhausted by the work and probably grief, young Caroline died three weeks later. Wearing the blue gown she was wearing the night of the hurricane, her spirit has been seen and her sobs and wails have been heard in and around the lighthouse and the, now separated, keeper’s house. Terrance Zepke’s Ghosts of the Carolina Coast recounts a story of a young couple who encountered a young woman wearing a blue dress one stormy evening. She climbed in the back seat of their car soaking wet and the couple drove on. When the wife turned to speak to the young woman, the back seat was empty, though covered with water.

Cape Romain Lighthouse
Lighthouse Island
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge
McClellanville, South Carolina

Situated on a lonely barrier island, the Cape Romain Lighthouse is the perfectly place for a lonely spirit to walk. The lighthouse has an older sibling standing nearby that is the oldest extant lighthouse in South Carolina. The first Cape Romain lighthouse is 65 feet high and was constructed in 1827 to guide mariners past the dangerous Cape Romain Shoals. The light burned until 1857 when its much taller sibling, soaring 150 feet, was constructed with slave labor. Like Pisa’s famous tower, the taller Cape Romain Lighthouse began to lean in the late nineteenth century. The tilt became so precarious that the Fresnel lens had to be adjusted to function properly. The lens was replaced in 1931 and the lighthouse was automated in 1937. Ten years later, the lighthouse was decommissioned and the light went dark. Since that time, the keeper’s quarters and outbuildings have disappeared leaving only the two towers standing mute. The Fish and Wildlife Service, which operates the surrounding refuge, still maintains the pair of lighthouses.

The lighthouses of Cape Romain. Courtesy of the US Coast Guard
Historic Light Stations Database.

The lonely setting of these now mute sentinels plays a significant part in its legend. Most likely in the late nineteenth century, a Norwegian man named Fischer was the keeper and lived on Lighthouse Island with his wife. Fischer’s wife continuously begged her husband’s permission to leave the island and return to Norway for a visit, but he refused. One evening, Fischer was so angered by his wife that he plunged a knife into his wife’s breast and buried her body near the lighthouse. Those asking about his wife’s whereabouts were told that she had become despondent from the loneliness and had committed suicide. On his deathbed, Fischer confessed to his wife’s murder and lighthouse keepers thereafter tended to the grave on the lonely island. Over time, a spirit was heard ascending the 195 steps of the lighthouse tower. Additionally bloodstains inside the keeper’s cottage could not be scrubbed away.

August Fredreich Wichmann, one of the keepers in the early twentieth century reported hearing the sounds of footsteps in the tower many times. Wichmann’s son, who was born at the lighthouse believes the footsteps are from Fischer’s wife. If the footsteps are still heard, the only things to hear them are the goats that live around the island and the seabirds that wheel around the tower.

Georgetown Light
North Island
Georgetown, South Carolina

Winyah Bay at the end of the eighteenth and into the nineteenth centuries was vital to American trade. To aid ships passing into this bay, the Georgetown Light was constructed first in 1801. This cypress tower did not last long and had to be replaced in 1806 after being toppled in a gale. Some six years later, the current 87 foot brick tower was constructed. It is now the oldest active lighthouse in South Carolina.

Georgetown Light. Courtesy of the US Coast Guard Historic
Light Stations Database.

Two reports of ghosts come from this light. Bruce Roberts and Ray Jones in their Southeastern Lighthouses: Outer Banks to Cape Florida report that footsteps are heard in the tower, though no indication is given as to the identity of the spirit. The second story, in Terrance Zepke’s Ghosts of the Carolina Coast, however, is more interesting. Mariners tend to be a very superstitious bunch and this is indicated in this legend of a warning spirit attached to this lighthouse. Apparently, a lighthouse keeper and his young daughter had ventured into Georgetown, some miles south of the light. As they returned, a storm blew in and the young girl was tossed into the water. Her father jumped in to rescue her but she was lost. The lighthouse keeper survived and following his death, he and his daughter were seen rowing a small boat in Winyah Bay. Local mariners always took their appearance as a sign of a storm blowing in.

Sources
Bansemer, Roger. Bansemer’s Book of Carolina and Georgia
     Lighthouses. Sarasota, FL: Pineapple Press, 2000.
Califf, John, III. National Register of Historic Places Nomination
     form for the Georgetown Light. Listed 30 December 1974.
DeWire, Eleanore and Daniel E. Dempster. Lighthouses of
     the South: Your Guide to the Lighthouses of Virginia, North
     Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Stillwater,
     MN: Voyageur Press, 2004.
Elizabeth, Norma and Bruce Roberts. Lighthouse Ghosts:
     13 Bone Fide Apparitions Standing Watch Over America’s
     Shores. Birmingham, AL: Crane Hill, 1999.
Hilton Head Range Rear Light. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia
     Accessed 18 October 2010.
Huntsinger, Elizabeth Robertson. More Ghosts of Georgetown.
     Winston-Salem, NC: John F. Blair, 1998.
Lee, Charles E. National Register of Historic Places Nomination
     form for the Cape Romain Lighthouses. Listed 12 November 1981.
Roberts, Bruce and Ray Jones. Southeastern Lighthouses:
     Outer Banks to Cape Florida. Philadelphia: Chelsea House,
     2000.
Wells, John E. National Register of Historic Places Nomination
     form for the Hilton Head Rear Range Light. Listed 12 December
     1985.
Zepke, Terrance. Ghosts of the Carolina Coasts: Haunted
     Lighthouses, Plantations, and Other Historic Sites. Sarasota,
     FL: Pineapple Press, 2000.

Sunday, October 17, 2010

West Point, Georgia Ghost Walk

I had the privilege of attending the West Point Ghost Walk last evening. Sponsored by the West Point Depot Visitors Center and Museum, this was a really great tour through West Point’s history and hauntings. Last night was one of two nights it will be held, it will be held again on Saturday, October 23, from 7-10 PM and it costs $5, a real bargain for an hour long ghost walk! Not only was the walk very well done, it served as an introduction to the ghosts of West Point for me. Having grown up down the road in LaGrange, I was glad to finally hear some stories from West Point. I’m presenting three of the haunted locations featured on the tour.

West Point, Georgia, as the name implies, lies right on the state line between Georgia and Alabama. The Georgia portion of the city straddles the Chattahoochee River and the downtown sits just west of the river. It was this location that established the city’s importance to the railroad. There was a change in gauges between the railways heading east and west and West Point was a main point for changing trains. During the Civil War, the city was a major target as the Union army marched across Alabama and across Georgia to Savannah. At Fort Tyler, a Confederate military outpost on a hill overlooking downtown, the Battle of West Point was fought on Easter Sunday, 1865, some seven days after Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. The city recovered and grew with the building of textile mills on the river’s banks. Following the closing of those mills in the late 20th century, the city foundered, but with the building of a car plant by the Korean auto maker, Kia, the area is beginning to experience resurgence.

W. C. & L. Lanier Bank Building
800 3rd Avenue


W. C. & L. Lanier Bank Building, the third floor was once
the West Point Opera House. Photo by Lewis Powell, IV,
2010, all rights reserved.
Constructed around 1880, this building originally was three stories tall. The first two stories held offices of the West Point Manufacturing Company, one of the most important textile manufacturers in the Southeast, with a 600 seat opera house, the West Point Opera House, on the third floor. The theater featured both professional and amateur productions. In March of 1920, a tornado destroyed the top floor of the building but the offices below remained intact. According to my guide on the tour, people working in the building still hear the sound of people walking on the third floor. The building now serves as offices for a financial services firm.

U. S. Post Office
729 4th Avenue

Just one block over from the site of the old opera is the post office, built in 1932. My tour guide pointed out that there are reports of the apparition of a young girl in a bloody dress. I have found nothing further on this spirit.

U. S. Post Office, West Point. Photo by Lewis Powell, IV,
2010, all rights reserved.

Atkinson House
1201 2nd Avenue

N. B. I have posted an update on this location.
One of the more interesting stories on the tour was told about the Atkinson House. According to my guide, Judge Nathan Atkinson, who constructed the house in 1869, had a daughter named Martha, known as Mattie, who lost a child in the flood of 1886. She would stand mournfully in a particular window still waiting for her lost son. She died in the house and has been seen still standing at the window. Additionally, subsequent owners have reported doors opening and closing by themselves, footsteps and children have had their covers pulled up over them while they sleep.

The Atkinson House. Photo by Lewis Powell, IV, 2010,
all rights reserved.

This location has been the easiest to research. Judge Nathan Lane Atkinson built the home following the end of Reconstruction. Having served in the state legislature during the Confederacy, the Judge and his wife, Elizabeth, had ten children, among them, a Mattie born in 1854. The genealogy of the family makes no mention of Mattie marrying or having children. Mattie’s little brother, Nathan Lane, Jr., the only male child, married a Martha and she lived in the house until her death sometime in the late 20th century. The flood of 1886 did affect the house and following it, the house was raised but as for the story of a young boy being swept away, I can find no mention. The house now serves as an events space.


Is the spirit of Mattie Atkinson still seen looking
out this window? Photo by Lewis Powell, IV, 2010,
all rights reserved.
For further information on the West Point Ghost Walk, please see the West Point Depot website.

Sources
Battle of West Point. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed
     17 October 2010.
Davidson, William H. Pine Logs and Greek Revival: Houses
     and People of Three Counties in Georgia and Alabama. Alexander
     City, AL: Outlook, 1964.
Fretwell, Mark E. West Point: The Story of a Georgia Town. DeLeon
     Springs, FL: E. O. Painter Printing, 1987.
Johnson, Forrest Clark. Genealogical and Historic Registry of Troup
     County, Georgia, Vol. III. LaGrange, GA: Family Tree, 1987.
Johnson, Forrest Clark and Glenda Major. Treasures of Troup
     County: A Pictorial History. LaGrange, GA: Troup County
     Historical Society, 1994.
Smith, Clifford. History of Troup County. Atlanta, GA: Foote
     & Davies, 1933.
     15 October 2010.

Sunday, October 10, 2010

Old Morrison and the Gratz Park Historic District

Bounded by Second Street, the Byway,
Third Street and Bark Alley
Lexington, Kentucky

Old Morrison
Transylvania University Campus

Transylvania University was almost 40 years old when the European with the odd name of Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz strode into the large, Federal Main building. Rafinesque had journeyed “across the woods,” as the Latin name of the university implied, to take on a professorship of botany as well as teach Italian and French, languages from his broad repertoire.

Constantine Rafinesque from
an 1820 publication. Courtesy
of Wikipedia.
His Christian name belied his birthplace, Constantinople, where he was born to a French trader father and a Turkish-born German mother. His education was as mixed as his heritage and upbringing. A polymath autodidact, he taught himself Latin and early on began to collect natural specimens, ranging from plants to shells. Rafinesque spent time in the fledgling United States and in various locales in Europe returning to the States in 1815. Travelling throughout the states, he gathered, described and named an astounding array of species and studied the Native Americans who were just beginning to be pushed west of the Mississippi River.

His new employer was also on an upward trajectory. Transylvania University had grown in its forty years of existence into one of the premier universities in the U.S. As one of the nation’s top ranked schools, it produced and employed some of the greatest names of the day including lawyer and later statesman, Henry Clay who served as a professor; Stephen Austin, the “Father of Texas;” Jefferson Davis, the president of the Confederacy; and the fiery abolitionist, Cassius Clay. The medical school included in its faculty, smallpox vaccination pioneer Samuel Brown and Benjamin W. Dudley, the most imminent surgeon in the Mississippi Valley.

These two upward trajectories maintained a parallel course briefly and then collided in the spring of 1826 when university president Horace Holley dismissed Rafinesque. Officially, the reason was that Rafinesque had acted unprofessionally and had missed numerous classes, but the unofficial reason, according to campus gossip, was the affair that Rafinesque was carrying on with Holley’s wife. When informed of his dismissal, an incensed Rafinesque uttered a curse, “Damn thee and thy school as I place a curse upon you!”

Rafinesque quietly returned to Philadelphia where he lived the remaining years of his life. He died of stomach cancer some 14 years later. According to legend, friends of Rafinesque had to break into his home to steal his corpse as his landlord was planning to sell it to a local medical school in lieu of back rent. He was buried in Philadelphia, but, in 1924, a campus organization rallied to have his remains returned to rest on campus; an “Honor to Whom Honor is Overdue,” as the words are inscribed on his crypt in Old Morrison. The group, though, was somewhat unsuccessful. Recent tests on the remains have discovered that they are fact the remains of Mary Ann Passamore, one of the handful of others interred in Rafinesque’s plot in the cemetery.

Old Morrison. Photo taken for the Historic American
Buildings Survey (HABS), courtesy of the Library of
Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

While Rafinesque still rests in Philadelphia, his curse still may linger in Lexington. President Horace Holley resigned the following year and died unexpectedly of yellow fever. Two years later, the main building was destroyed by fire. Following the destruction of the campus, the campus was moved across the street. The University’s upward momentum as one of the premier universities slowed as well, perhaps a result of the curse?

Old Morrison, designed by architect Gideon Shryock, was completed in 1834 and considered one of the finest examples of Greek Revival architecture in America. The edifice was restored to its original appearance in 1962 which removed unsympathetic additions added in the late nineteenth century. On January 27, 1969, a fire swept the newly restored building leaving only exterior walls standing, according to the National Register of Historic Places nomination form. Daniel Barefoot in his Haunted Halls of Ivy, points out that a little more survived: the crypt of Rafinesque was completely untouched by fire. Even more, he reports that firefighters saw the figure of a man standing in the doorway of the crypt while the fire raged around.

Old Morrison was restored and still stands a symbol of the school, though odd things still happen. A security guard in the buildings claims to have been tripped by something in the dark hall. Every few years, tragic things occur on campus and of course, the curse is invoked. But, Old Morrison faces a historic district where some even stranger events may occur.

Hunt-Morgan House
201 North Mill Street

Hunt-Morgan House, 2008, by Russell and Sydney Poore.
Courtesy of Wikipedia.

Just a block down North Mill Street from Old Morrison sits one of the more historic structures in the region, the Hunt-Morgan House. Originally known as Hopemont, the house was built in 1814 by John Wesley Hunt. One of the first millionaires west of the Alleghenies, John Hunt Morgan was the head of an illustrious family that included his grandson, General John Hunt Morgan, a notable Confederate general and Dr. Thomas Hunt Morgan, the Nobel Prize-winning geneticist.

The legend of the Hunt-Morgan House dates to the Civil War. The Morgans had a slave named Bouviette James, known to the family as Ma’am Bette.  Ma’am Bette served as the nursemaid to the Morgan’s children and by all accounts was a valued member of the family. Upon her death, she was laid out in the parlor and four of the Morgan’s sons, whom she had raised, served as pallbearers. She was even buried in the family plot, but, she would not rest there. After she passed, one of the children became grievously ill. The child’s nurse fell asleep at the child’s bedside and awoke to see a woman, wearing Ma’am Bette’s signature red shoes and turban sitting at the child’s side. The child died soon after, but the thought of Ma’am Bette guiding the child in the afterlife was comforting to the Morgans.

Maria Dudley House. Photo taken
for the Historic American Buildings
Survey (HABS), courtesy of the
Library of Congress, Prints and
Photographs Division.
Maria Dudley House
215 North Mill Street

Sitting among Federal and Greek Revival houses, the starkly Victorian Maria Dudley House stands out. This 1880 structure remains a private residence, but one that, according to Jamie Millard, CEO of the Lexington History Museum and author of the article that inspired this entry, possesses a dark energy. Millard describes a recent incident where a young man was apparently thrown over a stair railing which broke his arm. Indeed, others have felt a disturbing presence in the rear portion of the house and a family dog refused to go into that portion. Unfortunately, I have found no further information on this house.

John Stark House
228 Market Street

On the opposite side of Gratz Park, the John Stark House, also a private residence, was built in 1813 and was occupied by Gideon Shryock during the building of Old Morrison. Later, this house was the home of Dr. Robert Peter, Union Surgeon General during the Civil War. Perhaps the apparition of a Union soldier that has been seen here is one of Dr. Peter’s former patients.

Bodley-Bullock House
200 Market Street

Built around 1814-5, the Bodley-Bullock house has seen a range of owners in its history. The house was built by General Thomas Bodley, a veteran of the War of 1812. After losing the house in the financial crisis of 1819, the house passed through a series of hands. During the Civil War, the house was used as a headquarters for both Confederate and Union troops. It is noted that grand balls were held under both sides. The house’s illustrious history ended with Mrs. Minnie Bullock who purchased the house in 1912. Mrs. Bullock lived in this house longer than anyone and helped in the restoration of the Hunt-Morgan House. Upon her death, the house was restored and opened as a house museum as well.

Reports of spiritual activity have been reported by museum staff and visitors. A photographer taking a bridal portrait in the house apparently captured the image of a woman and a small child standing on the staircase behind the bride. Staff members believe the woman is Mrs. Bullock who is disapproving of some of the activity in her old home. In her will, Mrs. Bullock stipulated that there would be no drinking in the house, but the will was changed when it was decided the house would be used for events as well as a museum.

Gratz Park Inn
120 West Second Street

Hospitals almost invariably have haunting and the Gratz Park Inn, built as the Lexington Clinic, is no exception. With construction beginning in 1916 and opening its doors to the public in 1920, this structure is one of the few 20th century structures in the historic district and among the founders of the clinic was Dr. Waller Bullock, husband of Minnie, who resided in the Bodley-Bullock House just down the street. This building served as a clinic until 1958 when the clinic moved. The building was then used as the offices of an engineering firm which closed its doors in 1976. The building remained vacant until it was bought and renovated for use as an inn in 1987. It now ranks as one of the top inns in the region.

Among the inn’s non-paying guests are three spirits: a young girl, a man and a classic “lady in white.” The little girl is described differently in the two sources I have consulted. The Jamie Millard article names her “Little Annie” and states she plays quietly with her doll on the third floor. Alan Brown in his Haunted Kentucky, calls her Lizzie and says her voice is most commonly heard laughing and playing, though she did crawl in bed with a guest and fall asleep on evening. The Millard article goes on to describe the other two spirits: John is a humorous spirit and the “lady in white” is apparently looking for something or someone.

Sources
Brown, Alan. Haunted Kentucky: Ghosts and Strange Phenomena
     of the Bluegrass State. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 2009.
Brown, Alan. Stories from the Haunted South. Jackson, MS: University
     Press of Mississippi, 2004.
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed
     3 October 2010.
     Accessed 3 October 2010.
Fayette County Committee. National Register of Historic Places
     Nomination Form for the Gratz Park Historic District. Listed 14
     March 1973.
Millard, Jamie. “Hauntings in Gratz Park.” Chevy Chaser Magazine.
     28 September 2010.
National Park Service. “Bodley-Bullock House.” Lexington
     Kentucky: Athens of the West. National Register of Historic Places
     Travel Itinerary. Accessed 3 October 2010.
National Park Service. “Gratz Park Historic District.” Lexington
     Kentucky: Athens of the West. National Register of Historic Places
     Travel Itinerary. Accessed 3 October 2010.
National Park Service. “Hunt-Morgan House.” Lexington
     Kentucky: Athens of the West. National Register of Historic Places
     Travel Itinerary. Accessed 3 October 2010.
National Park Service. “Old Morrison, Transylvania College.”
     Lexington Kentucky: Athens of the West. National Register of Historic
     Places Travel Itinerary. Accessed 3 October 2010.
Rettig, Polly M. National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form for
     Old Morrison Building. Listed 15 October 1966.

Friday, October 8, 2010

Eagle Tavern (Photographs)

26 North Main Street
Watkinsville, Georgia
The Eagle Tavern. Photo by Lewis Powell, IV, 2010, all
rights reserved.
On my recent trip to Milledgeville, I made some stops on the way home in Madison and Watkinsville, two of the more historic towns in east Georgia, to photograph some haunted locations. The Eagle Tavern is one of the most historic landmarks in the area and has hosted generations of Watkinsville citizens and guests. The date of its initial construction is lost to history and may be as early as 1789. The building was definitely serving as a tavern by 1801 or 1802. Over the years, additions were added haphazardly and when the building was restored by the state of Georgia in the 1950s, most of these additions were torn down. The tavern has served as a museum since its restoration.

Close view of the Eagle Tavern. Photo by Lewis Powell, IV,
2010, all rights reserved.
The structure remaining after the state's restoration is not very large, but it possibly hosts an array of spirits. A dancing female in a ballgown has been reported by a cleaning woman in one of the downstairs rooms. Possibly, three male spirits have been encountered in the tavern, including a very unpleasant entity in the basement of the building. Phantom footsteps have been heard and phantom odors including cherry tobacco have been smelled.

Sources
Summer, Margaret T., editor. The History of Oconee County, Georgia.
     Curtis Media, 1993.
Underwood, Corinna. Haunted History: Atlanta and North Georgia. Atglen,
     PA: Schiffer, 2008.

Thursday, October 7, 2010

Old Morrison and the Gratz Park Historic District (Preview)

Lexington, Kentucky

I've been working diligently on this entry and I'm quite excited about it, but life is getting in the way. Stay tuned! Here's a preview...


The Benjamin Gratz House, Lexington, Kentucky. This house is
one of 16 buildings comprising one of the most historic blocks of
historic structures in the region, the Gratz Park Historic District.
Photo by Lester Jones, 1940, for the Historic American Buildings
Survey (HABS). Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and
Photographs Division.
Gratz Park, named for Dr. Benjamin Gratz who built this house, is one of the most historic areas in the region. Comprised of some 16 buildings in the heart of Lexington, this National Historic Register listed historic district surrounds Gratz Park, the original site of Transylvania University. The University was built across the street following a disastrous fire in 1829 and now includes the National Historic Landmark, Old Morrison Hall (which faces the historic district but is listed separately). Old Morrison is the legendary resting places of a former university botany professor who upon his dismissal from the school, cursed it. Its halls now still echo with his footsteps.

This historic district contains a number of haunted houses brimming with the ghosts of slaves, Civil War soldiers, a few dead children and a possibly violent spirit. Unfortunately, I cannot find any sources stating that the Gratz House is among the haunted buildings, but with its age and history, it would be no surprise if there is some spiritual residue. Look for this entry this weekend!

Saturday, October 2, 2010

Louisville Palace Theater (Photographs)

625 South Fourth Street
Louisville, Kentucky

The facade of the Louisville Palace Theater, 2006. Opened in
1928 as the Loew's Theater, this grand movie house was
designed by noted movie palace designer, John Eberson (1875-1964).
Photo by StevietheMan and courtesy of Wikipedia.

Wall detail in the outer lobby. Eberson utilized the
Spanish Baroque style for the theater. He often used
"exotic" archtiectural styles for his theaters. This magnificent
edifice The theater remained open as a movie house until
1978 when it closed as a movie house. It was purchased by
investors and opened as a nightclub. The club closed in the
mid-1980s and the theater was purchased in 1991 by a company
with the intention of restoring it and creating a venue for live
performance. Photograph by Jack Boucher, 1979 for the Historic
American Buildings Survey (HABS), courtesy of the Library of
Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

The house and stage of the Louisville Palace. The theater is designed
to enconce the audience in a Spanish Baroque courtyard. The ceiling
is an atmospheric ceiling with clouds. In the 1960s, this balcony was
enclosed as a second theater, but this alternation was removed in the
1990s restoration. It's not hard to imagine spirits spending their afterlife
in such a magnificent edifice. A handful of spirits have been reported here
including a man in 1930s clothing that has been seen in this balcony. When
approached by ushers, the man disappears. Photo taken in 1928, courtesy
of the Historic American Building Survey (HABS) collection, Library of
Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

The lobby with the Grand Staircase leading to the mezzanine lobby.
A staff member has reported seeing a woman in a 1940s era outfit
climbing the stairs. When the spirit stops and turns, she has no
face. Photo taken in 1928, courtesy of the Historic American Building
Survey (HABS) collection, Library of Congress, Prints and
Photographs Division.

The upper lobby with its magnificent coffered ceiling.
The sculptural details on the ceiling feature the heads of
138 "immortals" including John Eberson, the theater's
architect, Socrates and Beethoven. Photo taken in 1928, courtesy
of the Historic American Building Survey (HABS) collection,
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
The entrance to the Ladies Parlor. Theater employees have heard
a young child's giggling coming from the restroom just beyond this
door. One staff member reports seeing a pair of child's feet in a stall
and heard stall doors slamming. Photo taken in 1928, courtesy
of the Historic American Building Survey (HABS) collection, Library of
Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

The house from the stage. The projector room towards the back,
now used as the lighting booth is where the spirit of a former
projectionist may roam. Legend speaks of a loyal projectionist
who suffered a major heart attack while on the job. As he was
being carried from the booth on a door, he fell off and down the
stairs, dying instantly. Staff have encountered his spirit in his old
booth. Photo taken in 1928, courtesy of the Historic American Building
Survey (HABS) collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs
Division.

The mezzanine promenande. During the restoration, the spirit
of a man in 1940s era clothing appeared throughout the theater.
Workers had tools moved and would hear voices. One workers
who fell asleep on scaffolding while painting a ceiling was awaken
by a voice moments before he nearly rolled off. This spirit continues
to be seen througout the theater. This spirit has been identified as
Ferdinand Frisch, a theater employee who died in the building in
1965. Photo taken in 1928, courtesy of the Historic American Building Survey
(HABS) collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

Sources
Historic American Buildings Survey. Loew's Theatre, 625 South Fourth Street,
     Louisville, Jefferson, KY. HABS Collection, Library of Congress, 1979.
Gravatte, Jay. The Palace Theatre. Louisville Ghost Hunters Society. Accessed
     2 October 2010.
John Eberson. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed 2 October 2010.
Louisville Palace. History. Accessed 2 October 2010.
The Louisville Palace. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed 2 October 2010.
Parker, Robert W. Haunted Louisville: History and Hauntings from the Derby
     City. Decatur, IL, Whitechapel Press, 2007.